Ngorongoro Conservation Area is the World’s largest unbroken, inactive, idle and unfilled volcanic caldera. Most people tend to be confused, but in fact, it is a caldera, a depression formed when a volcano explodes. This explosion is believed to happen several million years ago, and the top of the mountain collapsed on itself forming what we know now as the Ngorongoro Crater.
Below are interesting things that you need to know about Ngorongoro Crater.
Before the Mountain exploded, it is believed that it was of similar heights to Mount Kilimanjaro. After it exploded, it left a crater with 610 metres deep and over 200 km2rich infertile soils where vegetation strived, and animals moved in searching for food.
Over 20,000 people live in the Ngorongoro conservation area. They share the land with an incredible amount of wildlife. This was done so due to, the communities living within the Crater proved that they could conserve and protect the area. Hence, permission was granted for them to remain within the crater. So, this is one of the few places where man lives peacefully with animals.
There are over 30,000 animals ranging from predators and preys, such as Lions, Hippos, Elephants, Wildebeests, Zebras, Monkeys, Elands. It’s also one of the best places to see the endangered black rhinos too. Together with the animals, the crater also boasts of having over 400 bird species found inside and around the crater.
Ngorongoro Crater is voted as one among the Seven Natural Wonders of the world since the caldera is unfilled, intact and an inactive volcano. Due to this, most of the tourists who have been in Tanzania must have visited the Ngorongoro crater for a night or two. For the ones who have not been to Tanzania, this should be a must-visit destination point.
Ngorongoro Crater is also one of the sites to experience the “Great Migration”. More than 2 million animals pass through the Ngorongoro Crater, wildebeests along with zebras and gazelles. Each year between December and March. This movement goes throughout the year, with the herds moving where the new and flourished vegetation is.
Ngorongoro Crater is also a famous pre-historic site. The fossils that were discovered there are said to be the earliest known evidence of the human species. The human fossils were found in Olduvai Gorge and dated about 1.7 million years ago.
Generally, Ngorongoro Crater is one of the destination points found in Tanzania that you should miss out on your to-go list. From its scenery landscapes, wildlife, birds, the communities and so much more.
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