Supposing you are a game enthusiast, then it is essential for you to note how enthralling rhinos are. With their unique appearance and awe-inducing presence, they stand out as one of the most fascinating classes of animals in the world. If you look at the rhinos, you are bound to think you are staring at dinosaurs in real-time. They appear to be prehistoric and massive. Sadly, rhinos’ fate is unpleasing because they are highly threatened.
Here are 8 interesting facts about rhinos in Africa.:
THERE IS MORE THAN ONE SPECIES :
Generally, there are five species of rhinos. In Africa, the most common species are the white and the black rhinos. These species are found wondering in most of the countries within eastern and southern Africa. The other species such as Indian, Javan, and Sumatran are mostly found inhabiting the swamp and tropical forests in Asia. Nonetheless, you will be pleased to observe that these species of rhino are natives to Southern and Eastern Africa, as well as Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Nepal, and India.
RHINO HORNS ARE MADE OF KERATINS :
Most people look at the rhino horns and think they are made of extremely strong bones. On the contrary, it is interesting to note that they are always made of keratin, which is a form of protein. It is the same keratin that makes up human fingernails and hair. For rhinos, keratin becomes a compacted mass in the horn area and grows throughout their life. According to International Rhino Foundation, the longest rhino horn ever measured was almost 60 inches long.
A GROUP OF RHINOS POSSESS AN AWESOME NAME :
When you visit Africa particularly to experience rhinos, you are most likely to see a group of white rhinos hanging together. It is often argued that rhinos are solitary animals and, on most occasions, avoid each other. This argument is contradictory to the behavior depicted by the white rhinos in Africa. They do live together in groups called “Crash.” Such groups are made up of a white female rhino and her calves, but on other rare occasions, other adult females may also hang in the crash.
WHITE RHINOS ARE THE THIRD LARGEST LAND MAMMALS :
In comparison with the other land mammals, white rhinos rank third in size after the African and Asian Elephants. You should note that of all the rhino species, the white rhino is the largest. Mostly, they weigh up to 6000 pounds. Don’t be shocked to realize that their heads alone can weigh up to 2000 pounds. In terms of their heights, white rhinos are between 6 and 6 feet tall. These mammals found in Africa are indeed unique and pleasing to view.
RHINOS ARE HERBIVORES :
By looking at the rhinos and their massive sizes, one might suspect that they are typical big meat-eaters. Surprisingly, rhinos are vegetarians and can eat up to 100 ponds of food daily. Different species of rhinos eat different vegetables. But generally, some of the common foods they eat include fruits, leaves, twigs, stems, and grasses. In Africa, the black and the white rhino species depend mostly on grasses, twigs, and leaves.
NOT ALL RHINOS USE THEIR HORNS TO FIGHT :
If you look at the face of a rhino, you will see a huge horn, which most people think should be a weapon in case of a fight between rhinos. You should not be surprised to note that some rhinos do not actually use the horns for a fight but instead, prefer to use their teeth. The species that use their teeth include Indian, Javan, and the Sumatran, found in Asia. These species have long incisor teeth that stretch to about 5 inches. However, when you visit Africa, you will notice that the black and the white rhino species do not have such long incisors and as such, they use strictly their horns to fight. Observing such a fight will indeed take your breath away, if not make your safari worth remembering.
RHINOS ARE SUPER-FAST :
You might think that because rhinos are huge, they are slow. That would be delusional of you. A black rhino can run at a speed of up to 30 miles an hour. In addition to their speed, they are also extremely agile. They can dodge branches and trees in a thick forest and turn around as quickly. It gives a fulfilling experience when you observe such speed from an extremely huge mammal in the thicket.
RHINO PREGNANCIES LAST 15-16 MONTHS :
Yes, you have read it right. The full pregnancy of a rhino lasts more than one and a half years. In other words, rhinos only give birth to one calf in two years. Interestingly, the calf never meets their fathers because after the mating between male and female, the rhinos part ways. It is the female rhinos that raise their calves.
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Here are the 7 Best Places to See Rhinos in Africa:
Are you wondering about some of the best places from where you can see these prehistoric creatures? In the past, rhinoceros were found almost in the entire African region. However, due to poaching these animals have become extinct. The remaining few species need maximum protection and are therefore located in specific areas.
Here are the top 7 places from where you can see rhinos in Africa:
KRUGER NATIONAL PARK:
This is the number one national park in South Africa. Realistically, it has the largest population of rhinos in the entire African region. Within the southern part of Kruger National Park, you will experience particularly the white rhino. By good luck, you will be able to spot the smaller black rhino that often roams unobtrusively within the dense thickets.
If you are thinking of going to Tanzania to see rhinos then Ngorongoro should be in your mind since it is the most reliable place. In this crater, you will have an opportunity to see the rare species of black rhino. They often spend much of their time of the day in the open grasslands and therefore you can easily spot them. There are chances that you may miss the rhinos in the plain. Supposing such happens, then you should try your luck later in the afternoon by visiting the picturesque Lerai Forest. This is where the rhinos retreat too late in the evening before night falls.
ZIWA RHINO SANCTUARY:
This is the home to rhinos found in Uganda. It is very interesting to visit this sanctuary because you will have the opportunity to track the white rhinos on foot with the help of an experienced guard. Your safety is therefore guaranteed. Never forget to take photos or to breathe. You can overwhelmingly be moved on seeing these 2-tone animals and your adrenaline may pump too fast.
LAKE NAKURU NATIONAL PARK:
When you visit the Kenyan rift valley you will be enthralled with the scenic beauty provided by Lake Nakuru, its escarpment, and the surrounding yellow fever trees. It is one of the best settings from where you can see the white rhinos and your chances are guaranteed even on a one-night safari. If you need to take atmospheric pictures you will have to wake up early in the morning to find the rhinos grazing on the lakeshore in the rising mist. Also, in this game park, there are chances of seeing black rhinos, although the chances are either a miss or a hit.
ETOSHA NATIONAL PARK:
You must have heard about Namibia and its desert conditions. Although on several occasions the black rhinos live in thick vegetation, they are found in Namibia within the Etosha Pan. It is a common thing to sight the black rhinos while in Etosha national park. During the dry season, Etosha is widely recognized for providing outstanding wildlife viewing at waterholes. If you visit the flood-lit Okaukuejo waterhole at night you may have an opportunity of witnessing black rhinos as they come to drink water.
HLUHLUWE-IMFOLOZI GAME RESERVE:
Hluhluwe-Imfolozi Game Reserve is the oldest of all the game reserves in South Africa. It was set up in the 1890s to serve as a sanctuary to the then remaining species of the white rhino. In other words, this is where rhino conservation began and where they were saved from total extinction. When you visit this reserve, you will experience both white and black rhino species although chances of seeing the latter are minimal.
OL PEJETA CONSERVANCY:
This is a conservancy located in the Laikipia plateau just below Mount Kenya. It offers you an opportunity to see both the southern white rhinos originating from south Africa the endangered black species. Visiting this reserve is particularly interesting because it serves as the home to the only remaining species of the northern white rhinos in Africa.
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Located in Southern Tanzania, Selous Game Reserve covers 50,000 km2, estimated to be almost as thrice as the Serengeti National Park. Selous Game Reserve is home to significant concentrations of Giraffe, Rhinos, wild dogs and Cheetah, together with these animals it is one of the best reserves to spot the “Big Five” animals and birds too. Over 400 species of birds have been spotted in the park.
Little do people know about this beautiful sleeping giant in the Southern Part of Tanzania. Since you are reading this, you will have a chance to learn a few new things about the Selous Game reserve.
1. It is among the largest faunal parks in the World.
Due to its wildlife diversity and untouched nature, various animals have inhabited the park. Such animals being, Zebras, wild dogs, Hippos, Crocodiles, Giraffes, Lions, Elephants and so much more. Permanent human inhabitation is restricted within the park also all human entry and exit are controlled by the Tourism & Wildlife division. Also, this is the only park that you may combine land and river safaris. River Rufiji runs through the park allowing enormous game sightings either from land/water.
2. Selous Game Reserve is said to have the largest Crocodiles in East Africa and it also homes to a large concentration of the endangered African wild dogs.
3. Over 400 bird species can be spotted in the park. Due to its well-preserved nature of the Selous Game Reserve, it is home to various birds and can be spotted easily too.
4. All accommodation levels are available in the park. From Luxurious to Mid-range to Budget Camps. With all these accommodation levels in the Selous Game Reserve, a visitor may have the best of value with a great enjoyment assured.
5. Selous Game Reserve is one of the least visited parks in Tanzania. Not because it is not attractive, but because most visitors have not been introduced. With this in mind, the Selous also offers high chances to spot the Big Five animals due to its preserved nature and less frequent visits, the animals tend to be easily spotted. In addition to this, the Selous inhabits the largest population of Buffalos in Africa
6. It offers a wide range of activities to do in the park. Such as the unique boat safari, walking Safaris, Game drives, Cultural tours and so much more. Hence quenching the visitor’s thirst for an adventure.
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Located in Eastern Africa, Kenya, and Uganda to its North, Burundi, Rwanda, and Republic of Congo to its West, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to its South and the Indian Ocean to its Eastern Side. Tanzania poses as one among the best safari destinations to be visited all year round. With over 30% of its land as National Parks, so much wildlife and scenic views to be experienced and enjoyed.
Tanzania is among the biggest countries rich in a variety of Flora and Fauna allowing it to be among the most diverse in the World, from its beautiful beaches, tropical forests, mountains, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, islands and so much more.
Below are the four most interesting facts about Tanzania that you may need to know.
LARGEST NATIONAL PARK IN AFRICA
Selous Game Reserve is the largest national park in Africa covering about 55,000 km2. Located in South-Eastern Tanzania, the park has various attractions such as Wildlife varieties including Giraffes, Buffaloes, Zebras, Wild dogs, Elephants, Rhino, and the Hippos. The most famous attraction in the park is the Rufiji river which pours its water directly to the Indian Ocean.
HIGHEST POINT IN AFRICA & WORLD’S TALLEST FREE-STANDING MOUNTAIN
Many refer to it as the roof of Africa, commonly known as Mt. Kilimanjaro. Is a dormant volcano with three cones namely, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira. With 5,895 meters above sea level, the mountain poses as the highest point on the African Continent and the World’s tallest free-standing mountain.
Situated in North-Eastern Tanzania within Kilimanjaro National Park, many tourists have summited successfully
SECONDDEEPEST, LARGEST &OLDEST LAKE IN THE WORLD
Lake Tanganyika is a freshwater lake situated in Tanzania’s western region and it acts as a border between Tanzania and the Republic of Congo. It is the second deepest lake in the world which reaches a depth of 4,823 feet. It is also the second oldest believed to have contained its water for a very long time ago, it holds the greatest volume of freshwater accounting to over 10% of the World’s available freshwater.
NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA
The Ngorongoro Crater is a UNESCO natural World Heritage site located in the northern highlands of Tanzania. It’s mainly known for the astonishing Ngorongoro Crater which is the largest inactive and intact volcanic caldera in the whole world. This is the only park in Tanzania where human beings (Traditional People) inhabitation was allowed to conserve the park. Also, in every direction you look, you can spot zebras, lions, elephants, wildebeests and if lucky enough, black rhinos too!
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