Ngorongoro Conservation Area is the World’s largest unbroken, inactive, idle and unfilled volcanic caldera. Most people tend to be confused, but in fact, it is a caldera, a depression formed when a volcano explodes. This explosion is believed to happen several million years ago, and the top of the mountain collapsed on itself forming what we know now as the Ngorongoro Crater.
Below are interesting things that you need to know about Ngorongoro Crater.
Before the Mountain exploded, it is believed that it was of similar heights to Mount Kilimanjaro. After it exploded, it left a crater with 610 metres deep and over 200 km2rich infertile soils where vegetation strived, and animals moved in searching for food.
Over 20,000 people live in the Ngorongoro conservation area. They share the land with an incredible amount of wildlife. This was done so due to, the communities living within the Crater proved that they could conserve and protect the area. Hence, permission was granted for them to remain within the crater. So, this is one of the few places where man lives peacefully with animals.
There are over 30,000 animals ranging from predators and preys, such as Lions, Hippos, Elephants, Wildebeests, Zebras, Monkeys, Elands. It’s also one of the best places to see the endangered black rhinos too. Together with the animals, the crater also boasts of having over 400 bird species found inside and around the crater.
Ngorongoro Crater is voted as one among the Seven Natural Wonders of the world since the caldera is unfilled, intact and an inactive volcano. Due to this, most of the tourists who have been in Tanzania must have visited the Ngorongoro crater for a night or two. For the ones who have not been to Tanzania, this should be a must-visit destination point.
Ngorongoro Crater is also one of the sites to experience the “Great Migration”. More than 2 million animals pass through the Ngorongoro Crater, wildebeests along with zebras and gazelles. Each year between December and March. This movement goes throughout the year, with the herds moving where the new and flourished vegetation is.
Ngorongoro Crater is also a famous pre-historic site. The fossils that were discovered there are said to be the earliest known evidence of the human species. The human fossils were found in Olduvai Gorge and dated about 1.7 million years ago.
Generally, Ngorongoro Crater is one of the destination points found in Tanzania that you should miss out on your to-go list. From its scenery landscapes, wildlife, birds, the communities and so much more.
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Located in Eastern Africa, Kenya, and Uganda to its North, Burundi, Rwanda, and Republic of Congo to its West, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to its South and the Indian Ocean to its Eastern Side. Tanzania poses as one among the best safari destinations to be visited all year round. With over 30% of its land as National Parks, so much wildlife and scenic views to be experienced and enjoyed.
Tanzania is among the biggest countries rich in a variety of Flora and Fauna allowing it to be among the most diverse in the World, from its beautiful beaches, tropical forests, mountains, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, islands and so much more.
Below are the four most interesting facts about Tanzania that you may need to know.
LARGEST NATIONAL PARK IN AFRICA
Selous Game Reserve is the largest national park in Africa covering about 55,000 km2. Located in South-Eastern Tanzania, the park has various attractions such as Wildlife varieties including Giraffes, Buffaloes, Zebras, Wild dogs, Elephants, Rhino, and the Hippos. The most famous attraction in the park is the Rufiji river which pours its water directly to the Indian Ocean.
HIGHEST POINT IN AFRICA & WORLD’S TALLEST FREE-STANDING MOUNTAIN
Many refer to it as the roof of Africa, commonly known as Mt. Kilimanjaro. Is a dormant volcano with three cones namely, Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira. With 5,895 meters above sea level, the mountain poses as the highest point on the African Continent and the World’s tallest free-standing mountain.
Situated in North-Eastern Tanzania within Kilimanjaro National Park, many tourists have summited successfully
SECONDDEEPEST, LARGEST &OLDEST LAKE IN THE WORLD
Lake Tanganyika is a freshwater lake situated in Tanzania’s western region and it acts as a border between Tanzania and the Republic of Congo. It is the second deepest lake in the world which reaches a depth of 4,823 feet. It is also the second oldest believed to have contained its water for a very long time ago, it holds the greatest volume of freshwater accounting to over 10% of the World’s available freshwater.
NGORONGORO CONSERVATION AREA
The Ngorongoro Crater is a UNESCO natural World Heritage site located in the northern highlands of Tanzania. It’s mainly known for the astonishing Ngorongoro Crater which is the largest inactive and intact volcanic caldera in the whole world. This is the only park in Tanzania where human beings (Traditional People) inhabitation was allowed to conserve the park. Also, in every direction you look, you can spot zebras, lions, elephants, wildebeests and if lucky enough, black rhinos too!
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